Family Martial Arts Academy

 Tang Soo Do Style Karate

Five Codes of Tang Soo Do

The Five Codes are an indispensable part of Tang Soo Do. Drafted by the Monk Won Kwang approximately 1800 years ago, the codes served as a written model of conduct for the warriors of the time. Though the original Five Codes have been adapted to meet modern demands, the deeper meanings of the original five codes still provide a clear path to follow.


Five Codes of Tang Soo Do:                              

  1. Loyalty to country
  2. Obedience to parents
  3. Honor friendship
  4. No retreat in battle
  5. In fighting choose with sense and honor


To the modern day Tang Soo Do practitioner, the Five Codes are best understood when the literal meaning is applied to living in today's world. In this context, the Five Codes not only represent a model of conduct, but also represent a set of ideals that embody the ultimate goal of the Tang Soo Do practitioner.


Below the Five Codes are broken into their literal meaning and their practical application. They are as follows:


"Nara E Chung Sung"

 1. Loyalty to country:

  • Country implies community, neighbor, society, country.

( faithfulness, devotion, sincerity, patriotism, contribution )


"Boo Moo E Hyo Do"

 2. Obedience to parents:

  • Parents implies father, mother, teacher, elders, and instructors.

 ( respect for others, esteem, honor, appreciation. )


"Boung Woo Yoo Shin"

  3. Honor friendship:

  • Friends implies associates, colleagues, brothers, sisters.

 ( brotherhood, sisterhood, trust, unity, responsibility, credibility, humility. )


 "Im Jun Moo Toi"

  4. No retreat in battle:

  • Battle signifies job, duty, responsibility, goal, ideal.

 ( determination, perseverance, duty, courage. )


 "Sal Sang Yoo Taek"

  5. In fighting, choose with sense and honor:

  • Fighting means use of Tang Soo Do to defend against injustice.

 ( humanity, mercy, wisdom.  )

Seven Tenents


The Seven Tenets of Tang Soo Do describe the positive mental attributes of the serious martial artist. As students and teachers of traditional Tang Soo Do, we constantly strive to instill these attributes in ourselves and in one another. All members are required to memorize and understand the meaning of each of these tenets.  


  1. Integrity
  2. Concentration
  3. Perseverance
  4. Respect and Obedience
  5. Self-Control
  6. Humility
  7. Indomitable Spirit





Korean General Terminology
An’nyong Ha Sip Ni Ka - Hello
An’nyong Ha Ka Sip Sio - Goodbye
Kahm Sa Ham Ni Da – Thank You
Chun Mhan Eh Yo – You’re Welcome
An Jo - Sit
E La Sut - Stand
Kwan Won – Student Member
Cho Bo Ja - Beginner
Do Bok – Uniform
Dee – Belt
Do Jang – Training Hall
Muk Nyum – Meditation
Cha Ryut - Attention
Kyung Ret – Bow
Ba Ro – Return to Jhoon Bee
Shio – Rest
Dwi Ro – Look (For a Turn)
Tora – Turn
Dasi – Return to Last Position
Wen Jok – Left
O Rin Jok – Right
Soo Jok Gi – Hand and Foot Techniques
Tuel Oh – Cross Body Technique

English – Korean – Chinese
    #1          Ha Na           Il    
    #2          Dool             E
    #3          Set                Sam
    #4          Net               Sa
    #5          Da Sot          O
    #6          Yuh Sot        Yuk
    #7          Il Gop           Chil
    #8          Yo Dull         Pahl
    #9          Ah Hope       Gu
    #10        Yohl              Ship
    20 – Sumul
    30 – Saryn
    40 – Mahun
    50 – Shien
    60 – Eesun
    70 – A Ryn
    80 – Yo Dan
    90 – A Han
    100 – Paek
    1,000,000 – Paek Man

Stances (Jaseh)
Jhoon Bee Jaseh – Ready Stance
Chun Gul Jaseh –  Front Stance
Hu Gul Jaseh – Back Stance
Kee Ma Jaseh – Horseback Stance
Sa Ko Rip Jaseh – Side Stance
Dae Ryun Jaseh – Sparring Stance

Hand Techniques (Soo Gi)
Ha Dan Mahk Kee – Low Block
Sang Dan Mahk Kee – High Block
Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee – Inside to Outside Block
Pahkeso Ahnuro Mahk Kee – Two Fisted Block
Choong Dan Kong Kyuk – Middle Punch
Sang Dan Kong Kyuk – High Punch
Cap Kwon Kong Kyuk – Backfist Attack
Wheng Jin Kong Kyuk – Side Punch
Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk – Spear Hand Pierce Attack
Yup Mahk Kee – Inside to Outside Block in Back Stance

Foot Techniques (Jok Gi)
Ahp Cha Nut Gi – Front Kick
Yup Podo Cha Gi – Side Kick
Ahp Podo Oll Ri Gi Cha Gi – Front Strectch Kick
Ahneso Pahkuro Cha Gi – Inside to Outside Kick
Dull Ryo Cha Gi – Roundhouse Kick
Dwi Podo Cha Gi – Spin Back Kick

3 Energies
Neh Gung – Internal Power
Weh Gung – External Power
Shim Gung – Mental Power

Techniques / Terminology
Choong Dan Soo Do – Open Hand Middle Block
Ha Dan Soo Do – Open Hand Low Block
Moo Roop Cha Gi – Knee Kick
Dwi Ahneso Pahkuro Cha Gi – Spin inside outside kick
Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk – Reverse Punch in a Back Stance
Il Ji Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk – Two Finger Pierce
Ha Dan Ssang Soo Mahk Kee – Low X Block in Low Stance
Sang Dan Ssang Soo Mahk Kee – High X Block in Low Stance
Shi Sun – Focus of Sight
Choong Shim – Balance
Moo Do Chung Shin – Martial Arts Spirit

Moo – Sword or Conflict, Stop or Prevent
     (Martial or Military Stopping Inner and Outer Conflict)
Eight Standing Breathing(excercise) Moo Pahl Dan Khum
Ema Kong Kyuk – Head Butt
Jip Kye Son – Plier Hand
Peet Cha Gi – Reverse Roundhouse Kick
Sohn Mok Deung – Upper Wrist
Pahl Koop Kong Kyuk – Elbow Attack
Mok Soo Do Kong Kyuk – Neck Chop
Bal Ja Ba Mahk Kee – Cup Hand Block
Yup Hu Ri Gi Cha Gi – Hock Kick
Hu Jin Ki Cho – Moving Backward Basic Motions
Seniors – Sun Beh Nim
Juniors – Hu Beh
Return to Jhoon Bee – Ba Ro
Return to Last Position – Dasi
Sparring – Dae Ryun
Attack – Kong Kyuk
Defense – Mahk Kee
Begin – Si Jak
Stop – Gu Man
Testing Board – Shim Sa Kwan Nim
National Flag of Korea – Kuk Gi

Pahl – Arm
Chu Mok – Fist
Da Ri – Legs
Pahl Koop – Elbow
Tuk – Chin
Ko Whan – Groin
Myung Chi – Solar Plexus
In Choong – Between Mouth and Nose
Jok – Foot
Hu Ri – Waist
Soo – Hand
Moo Roop – Knee
Eema – Forehead
Dan Jun – Abdomen



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